Felt Making

It is well-established that woven cloth requires side-to-side weaving (weft) across tensioned vertical threads (warp). In other words, you need to first have these threads in place to make the cloth. 

However, the more esoteric technique of felting detours from traditional cloth weaving. It instead utilizes a more microscopic characteristic of animal fiber: the interlocking of wool scales. 

With the aid of heat and moisture, the scales on the fibers open up. When soapy fluid and pressure is added, the individual fibers slide closer to each other, causing the opened scales to interlock with scales on other fibers. The longer the pressure is applied, the more complicated the interlocking becomes, and the final felt gets denser and smaller in size. This complex of bonded fibers makes felting an irreversible process. And it is this mess of fibers that makes the beauty of felt, the unwoven cloth, or micro-woven cloth, a true interpretation of “an entirety made up by millions of individuals”. 

Just as the intrinsic quality of animal wool gives us the irreversible process of felting, it also gives us the unique memory quality of felt. You can shape the felt into any shape while it is still not completely dry, and the interlocking fibers will remember this and tend to stay in that shape when the felt is fully dried. This is how you can make felt into a more complicated tree-dimensional, self-supported shapes rather than just flat surfaces, almost like a soft sculpture. 


Phasellus facilisis convallis metus, ut imperdiet augue auctor nec. Duis at velit id augue lobortis porta. Sed varius, enim accumsan aliquam tincidunt, tortor urna vulputate quam, eget finibus urna est in augue.